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Trade Facilitation Agreement En Francais

Trade facilitation is the general concept of a set of measures to reduce bureaucracy at borders. Heavy customs requirements pose real challenges for businesses of all sizes to trade internationally, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Members of the World Trade Organization have agreed on a pioneering global agreement, known as the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The TFA entered into force on 22 February 2017. The TFA aims to speed up customs procedures; make trading easier, faster and cheaper; clarity, efficiency and transparency; reduce bureaucracy and corruption; and use technological progress. Technical assistance for trade facilitation is provided by the WTO, WTO members and other intergovernmental organizations, including the World Bank, the World Customs Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In July 2014, the WTO announced the establishment of the Trade Facilitation Facility that would help developing and least-developed countries implement the Trade Facilitation Agreement. The Facility was put into operation with the adoption of the Trade Facilitation Protocol on 27 November 2014. The European Commission has already ratified the TFA on behalf of the Member States.

European customs must comply with the TFA upon entry into force of the agreement expected in early 2017. The Clermont-Ferrand seminar brought together customs representatives from the 28 EU Member States to discuss the state of preparations of customs administrations, their position on the implementation of the TFA and private sector feedback. Read the general presentation In the provisions on special and differential treatment, the TFA grants developing and least-developed countries a grace period in which both groups are exempted from the application of the dispute settlement agreement (Article 20). Given the level of development, the agreement provides for shorter periods for developing countries and longer periods, as well as a wider scope for least developed countries. The TFA would have a greater influence on international trade than the removal of all remaining tariffs in the world. Recent WTO studies indicate that improving global border management could increase global GDP by $1 trillion a year. The main benefits of the TFA would be for SMEs, developing countries and emerging countries, where businesses and consumers would benefit from greater integration into global markets. Studies conducted by the World Economic Forum indicate that the implementation of the TFA could lead to an increase in cross-border sme sales of 60-80% in some economies. Boundary procedures also influence companies` investment decisions and play a role in attracting foreign direct investment to a country. Section II of the Agreement contains groundbreaking provisions on special and differential treatment that link implementation by developing and least-developed countries to the acquisition of capacity to implement the Agreement for the first time in the history of the WTO (see box). The second anniversary of the agreement is an excellent time to check the degree of ratification, implementation notifications and transparency obligations of the TFA.

the TFA contains a number of transparency obligations concerning the substantive provisions of the agreement with regard to (i) online descriptions of trade procedures; (ii) contact points to answer questions; (iii) the operation of individual windows; (iv) the use of customs agents; and (v) contact points for the exchange of customs information. According to this reality check, developing and least developed countries that have taken full advantage of the agreement could take into account the following recommendations: with the ratification of the TFA, countries have committed to undertake a series of reforms aimed at reducing bureaucracy at borders, from measures for the provision and handling of goods to enhanced cooperation between border authorities. . . .


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