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What Is The Dayton Agreement

The Bosnian peace plan has been severely beaten, but it would end four bloody years that have killed more than 250,000 people and driven more than two million people. The final agreement was a tribute to the skills of Holbrooke and his negotiating team; To the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Christopher, who played a key role in keeping Bosnians on board and concluding the agreement at critical points; Anthony Lake, who helped sell the peace initiative to the parties involved and who insisted with Holbrooke that the talks conclude in the United States; To the Deputy National Security Adviser, Mr. Samuel Berger, who chaired the meetings of the Committee of Deputies, who informed citizens of national security operations in other nations of what was happening without much interference; and UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, who has been effectively committed to the strong U.S. position within the World Federation. This is surprising given the history. In Yugoslavia, after the Second World War, Serbs felt increasingly marginalized and deprived of their national rights. This sense of victimization contributed to the violent collapse of the former Yugoslavia. In March 1992, Bosnians and Croats overwhelmingly approved independence in a referendum boycotted by the Serbs. There was a war.

Of the pre-war population of 4.37 million, some 110,000 former Yugoslavs were killed and 2.2 million others were driven from their homes, often explicitly in the name of „ethnic cleansing“. During the war, Bosnian Serb leaders categorically rejected any peace agreement, preferring to separate completely. Dayton Agreement, a peace agreement reached on 21 November 1995 by Presidents Von Bosnian, Croatia and Serbia to end the war in Bosnia and outline a general framework agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It retained Bosnia as a single state, consisting of two parts, the Bosnian-Croat Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republic, sarajevo remaining the undivided capital. On 13 February 2008, the head of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mr. Eljko Komié, declared that the original Dayton Agreements had been lost from the presidency`s archives. The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina Miroslav Lajak said: „I don`t know if the news is sad or funny.“ [24] On 16 November 2009, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs handed over the certified copy of the Dayton Agreements to the French Embassy in Sarajevo. The copy was then handed over to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina. [25] The original was found in 2017 in a private residence in Pale, which led to the arrest of one person. [26] Peace has endured since the signing of the Dayton Accords. Appendix 4 of the General Framework Agreement remains the Constitution for Bosnia and Herzegovina and remains the basis of the current political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its governmental structure. The agreement also laid the groundwork for NATO military action in Kosovo in 1999, which has since led to the province`s independence.

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