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Agreement Ratification Date

Paragraphs 6.4 to 6.7 introduce a mechanism „that contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gases and supports sustainable development.“ [40] Although there is not yet a concrete name for the mechanism, many parties and observers have informally partnered around the name of the „sustainable development mechanism“ or „SDM“. [41] [42] The MDS is seen as the successor to the Clean Development Mechanism, a flexible mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol that would allow the parties to jointly monitor emissions reductions for their planned national contributions. The Sustainable Development Mechanism sets the framework for the future of the post-Kyoto sustainable development mechanism (2020). [must update] The global inventory will begin in 2018 with a „facilitation dialogue.“ At this convening, the parties will assess how their NDCs stack up to the short-term goal of the highest global emissions and the long-term goal of achieving zero net emissions by the second half of this century. [29] [should we update] The implementation of the agreement by all Member States will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States. [30] The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. The agreement stated that it would only enter into force (and therefore fully effective) if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015) [65] ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement. [66] [67] On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement. [69] 175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.

[59] [70] On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016.


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